Peacock Mantis Shrimp

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The Peacock Mantis shrimp packs a punch!!

Did you know that the MANTIS SHRIMP has claws with such an incredibly fast and powerful strike, that some are able to break aquarium glass with one swing?  It’s a fact! 

Their club-like appendages an easily smash shell of snails, oysters, crustaceans and mollusks. An Attack from a mantis shrimps happens extremely quickly – 50 times faster than the blink of an eye. With velocity of 10 meters per second, their punch has the power of a .22 caliber bullet. They are the fastest known organism due to their quick jabbing appendages that can reach up to 170 mph.

Peacock Mantis Shrimp
Peacock Mantis Shrimp

It’s not actually a shrimp at all, but gets its name because it resembles a praying mantis, and a shrimp.

Found in the warm waters of the Indian and Pacific Oceans, the peacock mantis shrimp is arguably one of the most captivating creatures in the sea. Its hard-shelled body is bursting with color—hues of bright red, green, orange and blue, and its forearms are covered in spots. At the top of its head rests a set of protruding eyes, and they aren’t just for show.

Peacok Mantis Shrimp with  eggs. Photo by Chim Carlson
Peacok Mantis Shrimp with eggs. Photo by Chim Carlson

These crustaceans have the most complex eyes in the animal kingdom, containing millions of light-sensitive cells. With 16 color-receptive cones (compared to humans, who have just three), the peacock mantis shrimp can detect ten times more color than a human, including ultraviolet light. It can move each eye independently and uses this exceptional eyesight to avoid predators and track down prey.

The peacock mantis shrimp lives in the crevices of coral and rocks on the ocean floor. A territorial creature, it has been known to exhibit aggressive behavior toward intruders. This ferocious shrimp has club-like appendages that fold beneath its body, resembling a praying mantis.

Interesting Mantis shrimp Facts:

  • Mantis shrimps are usually 2 to 7 inches long. Larger species grow 12 inches in length.Mantis shrimps are brightly colored.
  • Shell of most species is covered with different hues of blue, green, red and orange colors. Forearms are often covered with spots.
  • Eyes of mantis shrimp are located on the long stalks that can move independently. They have exceptional eyesight that is used both for the detection of the prey and predators.
  • Mantis shrimps have the most complex eyes in the animal kingdom that can see ultraviolet and polarized light. They have trinocular vision which means that they can see one objects using one of the three different parts of eye.
  • Smashers are famous for their incredible strong punches that can break the glass of aquarium.
  • Most species of mantis shrimps are solitary and territorial creatures. They fiercely defend their home against intruders.
  • Mantis shrimps are able to recognize their neighbors by the smell and by the morphological characteristics.
  • Some species of mantis shrimp are monogamous and spend up to 20 years together. During the mating rituals, mantis shrimps often fluoresce.
  • Females can lay eggs in the burrows or keep them in their forelimbs until they hatch. Some species exhibit parental care. Female lays two sets of eggs, one for her and the other for the father to take care of the eggs until they hatch.
  • Larvae of mantis shrimps swim as a part of zooplankton up to 3 months. They show aggressive behavior even during the larval stage.
  • Mantis shrimp can survive more than 20 years in the wild.

Updated: Jan 17, 2017

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January 22, 2017 |

2 thoughts on “Peacock Mantis Shrimp

  1. wr6151 says:

    What part of the world are they found. At 170 mph I would like to have one as a guard dog. lol Very interesting.

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